A summary of the different waves of feminism, presented in pictures.
the advocacy of women’s rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes.
19th – Early 20th century
First Wave Feminism. Focus primarily on legal issues and the suffragette movement which resulted in women having the right to vote.
Second Wave Feminism:
Intra-feminism and tackling issues such as sexuality, equality and discrimination.
Black feminism rose in popularity. The civil rights and feminist movements collided.
French Feminism: Écriture Féminine (feminine writing) Helene Cixuous: one of the early thinkers in poststructuralist feminist theory. She founded the first centre feminist study at a European university.
Difference feminism (there are differences between men and women but that no value judgment can be placed upon them and both genders have equal moral status.)
Third Wave Feminism – Individualism and Diversity redefining feminism.
Early 1990s: Riot Grrrl
Combination of feminist consciousness, punk style and politics.
Punk culture and individual expression in forms of music, art, dance, literature and film. This movement promoted individual freedom.
Fourth Wave Feminism is heavily associated with the use of social media.
~Street & Workplace harassment
~My body, my choice
~Gender pay gap
Women still continue to unite and protest for equality as marches such as the ‘Women’s March’ take place yearly, all around the world.
Celebrities have a larger influence than ever, using their large platform to emphasise their political views, encouraging young women and men to smash the patriarchy and fight for their rights.
While planning and writing this blog post, it just so happens that American politicians have tampered with women’s rights once again. Abortion is now illegal in Alabama, meaning that women will be imprisoned and punished (serving more time than potential rapists!!!) if they chose to have an abortion, irrespective of the reasoning. Even though women make up 51% of Alabama’s population, the lawmakers are 85% male. There are only four women in the 35-seat Alabama Senate, and they are all Democrats. This situation is a huge reminder (if there weren’t enough) that feminism is 100000% still relevant.
Below are some posts from social media that encapsulate feminist views on this horrendous abortion ban.
Finally, this isn’t only an issue in Alabama. Other similar restrictive bans have been passed in Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Dakota and Ohio. And that’s just America.
Similarly, abortion bans exist in:
Northern Ireland, Liechenstein, Andorra, Monaco, Malta, Poland, San Marino and in many more locations.
The fight isn’t over. Here’s a link to a Vogue article that gives helpful information on where to donate and how to keep abortion legal:
Thank you so much for reading. It is so important to understand the history of feminism and know where feminism stands today.
Comment any thoughts you’d like to share! Additionally, please let me know what else you’d like from this blog. Perhaps I could publish another post about feminism, female empowerment music/literature/art for example? Feel free to leave opinions and recommendations.